The gasifiers take advantage of the molecular dissociation, called pyrolysis, used to directly convert the organic materials present in the waste into gas, by heating, in the presence of small quantities of oxygen.
The processed materials are completely destroyed because their molecules are dissociated. This process allows, if compared with the direct burning, a number of significant advantages:
- increased fuel usability;
- use of relatively simple and tested technological solutions;
- higher energy efficiency;
- definitive Destruction of such waste;
- No contributions in special landfills;
- No harmful emissions;
- Production of steam and then of demineralized water from its condensation, with easy addition of saline charge additives for water purification;
- Possible production of Chemicals, primarily methanol, usable in automotive engines or sold on the market;
- Low visual impact.
The synthesis gas, even when of a low calorific value, once filtered and purified, can be used for the feeding of a cogenerator, thus enhancing the calorific value of the organic matrix used and can be contain costs simultaneously producing electrical and thermal energy, or it can be used for the production of reusable chemicals.
Furthermore, it is possible to obtain water, including drinking water, thermal energy and methane gas.
Our flagship.product is modular and it is made up, inside, by 3 reactors that can run individually or as one
It is therefore an extremely flexible device capable of treating different matrices simultaneously, it is also modular and implementable, as needed, with additional auxiliary systems, capable of maximizing the efficiency of energy recovery. If necessary, the gasifier can be depowered and therefore only equipped with one or two reactors.
We also have small size gasifiers, with a lower system capacity than the one of a single standard reactor. These represent the ideal size for the needs of the so-called circular economy.
Our gasifiers have been developed in collaboration with the RINA Consulting - Centro Sviluppo Materiali spa, a subsidiary of RINA Group, also on the basis of their previous studies. In their industrial area in Rome - Italy -, there is a pilot that can be visited, fully equipped also with a plasma torch.
Our gasification system involves the use of drying systems for pre-treating the incoming material or matrix. The dryer is fed through the process’ heat and allows to bring the input humidity of the matrix by the value of the conferral (normally value between 70% and 30%) to, approximately, 10%.
The matrix is dried in this way, is transported inside the reactor, where it is raised to temperatures ranging from 400 to 650° C, by recovering the heat generated by the same syngas and by the same gasification process that takes place in the last part of the reactor where the temperature rises up to 1,200° C. The matrix / waste is thus subjected, rapidly, to total drying, pyrolysis and consequent gasification.
The produced gas (syngas) are sent to a post combustor and subsequently to an external ducts of the drying / pyro / gasification system.
These ducts will give up the heat developed during the post-combustion to the reactor inside them so supporting thermally the various steps of the process.
Said produced gas (syngas) will be sent, after having been properly washed and purified, to the turbine and / or to the endothermic engines. In the absence of a plasma torch it is not possible to reach the zero emissions level but, in any case, these will be below the levels allowed by the various national regulations.
The use of syngas will produce thermal kW and electric kW. Part of the produced electricity will be used for the process (about 15%), the other could be used to reduce the costs of other energy-consuming processes within the plant or to create a district heating network or it can be sold.
Thermal energy can in turn be partially transformed into electricity.
Once the gasification process has taken place, the only resulting waste product is the ash, on average about 5-10% of the matrix entering the gasifiers.
The part of the ash treated in the plasma torch will be transformed into a material that can be destined for useful uses without environmental risks.
The ash will be analyzed to evaluate its possible capacity as potential soil improvers or usability as building materials.