For Plasma refers to a conductive gas, highly ionized. The torch or the non-transferred arc electrodes are capable of producing plasma at very high temperatures (the highest achieved in controlled industrial processes) and such as to cause thermochemical dissociation of what is being treated.
Unlike other incineration systems, since the dissociation of waste occurs in the absence of oxygen, the application of plasma technology does not result in emissions of volatile substances such as combustion gases or harmful substances such as furans and dioxins.
The main reactions that occur during the process within our plasma torch are:
- disintegration of the components: it allows the dissociation of the organic components that are transformed into synthesis gas. All the hydrocarbons present in the treated waste are gasified and form a synthesis gas composed essentially of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. This mixture is highly energetic and is reacted to produce electricity or distilled to produce methanol and ethanol. Moreover, the high temperatures reached avoid the formation of toxic compounds such as dioxins and furans.
- fusion: it involves the fusion of all inorganic compounds and the formation of an inert and non-leachable material (slag). All the toxic elements contained in the treated waste are subject to physical-chemical transformations that allow their total inertization.